Dogs have been trained to sniff out certain kinds of cancer and sugar changes in diabetes patients, but this is the first time they've been trained to detect a parasite infection.
Recent research shows that dogs may be able to sniff out malaria through their acute sense of smell, thereby saving thousands of lives through quick and non-invasive detection, according to a news report.
Malaria is caused by a pest (Plasmodium falciparum) in the blood, which is transmitted through the stinging of infected mosquitoes.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), since 2000 six countries have been certified malaria free, with another 12 countries reporting that no malaria cases have originated within their borders.
In 2016, there were 216 million cases of malaria worldwide, an increase of 5 million over the previous year.
A team led by James Logan, head of the Department of Disease Control at the London tropical medicine school, previously demonstrated that socks worn by infected children were more alluring to the little bloodsuckers, likely because the garments' odors contained more chemicals called aldehydes.
It was learned that a total of 175 sock samples were tested, including those of 30 malaria-positive children and 145 from uninfected children.
The researchers revealed that the dogs were able to correctly identify 70 per cent of the malaria-infected samples and 90 per cent of the samples without malaria parasites.
But Lindsay said the dogs' success rate actually might have been higher-up to 78 percent-if the children with malaria were all carrying the same type of parasites.
Principal investigator Steve Lindsay, a professor in the department of biosciences at Durham University, said this showed a "credible degree of accuracy".
The socks were then sent back to the United Kingdom and stored in a freezer while the dogs, provided by the Medical Detection Dogs charity, were trained. "We also know that malaria mosquitoes prefer to feed on malaria patients, which they nearly certainly identify by their odour", the researcher told media.
"They are much faster than existing rapid diagnostic tests which can take up to 20 minutes and require a fully trained professional to do".
The charity, founded in 2008, hopes the early-stage trials it is conducting will enable canines to join efforts to stamp out one of the world's most deadly diseases.
She added: "This is the first time we have trained dogs to detect a parasite infection and we are delighted by these early results".
Scientists are also optimistic that dogs can be trained to smell and other tropical diseases, for which diagnosis to date is poor, such as leishmaniasis and trypanosomiasis. Alternately, articles of clothing would have to be removed and sniffed by the dogs, which is also not ideal.
'This is a reliable, non-invasive test and is extremely exciting for the future'.
We do not charge or put articles behind a paywall.
Researchers said that travellers can be screened by dogs at ports entering areas that are malaria free but susceptible to re-invasion.
We are a voice to you; you have been a support to us.
As it was, Chelsea's much-changed lineup survived to force their way into a quarter-final at a club icon's expense. All five goals came in the first half, with Derby scoring two own goals in the opening 21 minutes.
This time, the game is a multiplayer affair that lets you play against friends, family members or strangers from around the world. Google is getting in the Halloween spirit with a first-of-its-kind Google Doodle that's both interactive and competitive.
What does the No. 5 ranking mean for MI ? 'Bama has two ranked opponents ( LSU and No. 18 Mississippi State ) plus the Iron Bowl. In the first four years of the CFP, the committee has never had the same four teams in its first rankings and its final ones.
Assange claimed further that Ecuadorian President Lenin Moreno had already made the decision to terminate support for Assange. He took refuge in the embassy six years ago to avoid extradition to Sweden in a sexual assault case that was later dropped.
Chelsea boss Maurizio Sarri confirmed he apologised to Mourinho after the match and Ianni was later sent to do the same. The United manager received an apology from both Ianni and Sarri, and said he considered the matter closed.
In Q1 2018 , for example, it reported 2.20 billion monthly active users and that's now 2.27 billion as of September 30th, 2018. However, total global user numbers continue to slowly rise, with more than 2.2 billion people using the platform every month.
There's also Apple's T2 chip which takes care of SSD controller, system and power management, HEVC video transcoding, and more . Future earnings reports will be the proof, but for now, Apple is heading into one of its trickiest holiday seasons yet.
In May 2017, a multitude of writers were announced by HBO to be working on what Martin described as the "successor shows". But in a rug-pulling that set the tone for the entire series, he was executed before the very first season was finished.
Its 800-volt system will make for some fast charging, which is helpful at a drag strip, where the action never really slows down. For safety, the rear compartment batteries have been sealed off from the rest of the cabin, and there's a new driveshaft tunnel.
NASA spacecraft breaks record for coming closest to Sun
The probe surpassed the previous record of 26.55 million miles from the star's surface on Monday October 29 at around 1:04 pm ET. The spacecraft uses a special carbon-composite shield for protection from intense heat and radiation during close flybys.
Difficult Merkel ally says step-down is a shame
Merkel has said she would finish her term that ends in 2021, though that seems doubtful - is suddenly an urgent discussion. She also stated that she intends to remain chancellor until Germany's next scheduled federal elections in September 2021.
Hyundai and Kia will outfit their cars with solar panels
A 100W solar panel, given typical summer noontime levels of sunshine, could deliver 100 Wh of energy an hour, Hyundai points out. Hyundai expects this strategy to help ICE vehicles meet global emissions regulations, thereby boosting export numbers.
Russia Blames Rocket Failure on Mistake During Assembly
The Soyuz is now the only rocket that is capable of sending humans to the ISS and a launch failure hasn't happened since 1983. As a result, one of the side-mounted rocket boosters did not separate properly from the vehicle and collided with the rocket.
Watch Stacey Abrams Put Meghan McCain In Her Place On AR-15s
Abrams then called semi-automatic weapons "weapons of mass destruction", saying that they do not "belong in civilian hands". Abrams hopes to make history on Election Day by becoming the first African-American female elected governor in USA history.