Saudi Arabia is by far the largest source of worldwide medical residents and fellows training in Canadian hospitals, the result of a decades-old visa program under which the kingdom pays approximately $100,000 a year for each trainee it sends to Canadian medical schools.
In March 2015, Saudi Arabia recalled its ambassador from Stockholm over criticism of Riyadh's human rights record by the Swedish foreign minister.
In an interview, Dr. Spadafora, who oversees the training of all U of T residents and fellows, including 216 from Saudi Arabia, said his first priority is helping the Saudi trainees whose careers have been thrown into turmoil by the kingdom's announcement.
Hemant Shah, a hepatologist at UHN, said a Saudi fellow he worked with Tuesday was upset at the prospect of leaving his Canadian placement.
On Tuesday, Saudi Arabia's main wheat buyer, Saudi Grains Organization (SAGO) said in an email sent to Canadian shippers it had halted all purchases of Canadian milling wheat and feed barley.
Besides expelling Canada's ambassador, Saudi Arabia says it's freezing all new trade and investment transactions with Canada and ordering the return 18,000 Saudi students in Canada, including 131 attending Western University.
A representative with Canada's ministry of global affairs did not immediately have a comment.
On Wednesday, Saudi Arabia's Foreign Minister Adel bin Ahmed al Jubeir said there's nothing to mediate in its dispute with Canada and that "Canada knows what it needs to do".
The agency cited Saudi Health Attaché in the United States of America and Canada Dr Fahd Ibrahim Al Tamimi.
Saudi Arabia's moves this week to sever diplomatic ties with Canada underscore the kingdom's newly combative foreign policy, which analysts say is aimed at taming global criticism, and follows a crackdown on domestic critics as it struggles to implement risky reforms.
"Should we have to replace them, it would be like if 86 people suddenly called in sick", Dr. Hodges said.
A Twitter message calling on Riyadh to "immediately release" his sister, Samar Badawi, and other women's rights activists appears to have tipped the scale.
In addition to the diplomatic rupture, Saudi Arabia also suspended scholarships for more than 15,000 Saudi students in Canada with plans to relocate them to other countries, and the state airline Saudia suspended flights to Toronto.
The Saudis have also threatened to exclude Canadian companies from participation in the lucrative Vision 2030 programme, where the kingdom is spending hundreds of billions of dollars to modernise its economy.
Meanwhile, the U.S. State Department offered a tepid response to the sanctions that took pains to avoid taking sides, saying it is "aware" of Saudi Arabia's actions and considers both countries to be "close partners" of the United States.
Pike said firm details and direction is anticipated to come from the Ottawa-based Saudi Arabian Cultural Bureau.
And earlier this year, media reports indicated that Saudi Arabia was scaling back its dealings with some German companies amid a diplomatic spat with Berlin.
Saudi Aramco, the kingdom's state-owned oil company and the world's largest crude producer, shipped 136,321 barrels of oil per day to Canada in June, the last month for which Statistics Canada oil import data is available.
The city's General Dynamics Land Systems plant has been supplying light armoured vehicles to Saudi security forces, thanks to a huge, $15-billion contract signed by the federal government in 2014.
Riyadh accuses Ottawa of meddling Riyadh accused Ottawa on Tuesday of interfering in its internal affairs.
One well placed source said the Liberal government of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau - which stresses the importance of human rights - planned to reach out to the United Arab Emirates. The US and the British government on Tuesday urged the two nations to show restraint.
The office of Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland did not respond to requests for comment.
Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas also said on Monday that he rejects Canadian interference in "internal Saudi affairs".
Reid said it's "wrong" to stay silent about human rights issues, adding "we have an obligation to speak out" and he applauds Ottawa for doing so.
Among the arrested activists is Samar Badawi, whose writer brother Raif Badawi was arrested in Saudi Arabia in 2012 and later sentenced to 1,000 lashes and 10 years in prison for insulting Islam while blogging.
The ministry looked at tests done for different periods at the three automakers, stretching back to 2012 in Suzuki's case. Suzuki said almost half of its 12,819 new auto inspections involved improper inspections at its three plants.
Sinclair, one of the nation's largest owners of TV stations, has become a significant outlet for conservative perspectives. On Thursday, Kern said that any further delays would hurt his company - so the Tribune board chose to spike the deal.
Alia, who made her Bollywood debut with Karan Johar's Student Of The Year in 2012, tweeted: "Back where I began, to my roots". Indian filmmaker, producer and television personality, Karan Johar is returning to direction after a hiatus of two years.
And for what it's worth, we just can't wait to see what wonderful upgrades Barry is going to get with his season 5 suit. It all started this week when a pic of the actor in costume on the set of the upcoming season leaked.
Yerry Mina is having his Everton medical in Barcelona as the club attempt to finalise a deal for the Colombia worldwide defender. Manchester United have made a shock move for Kurt Zouma , according to reports from France.
The PGA Championship begins Thursday , and the last major of the offers another opportunity to try MajorsChallenge.com for free. If he can get the driver straightened out, it could be a good week for Day. "I needed that day off, " Woods said.
Wesfarmers began approaching potential buyers of the DIY chain earlier this year, just two years after completing its takeover. If it is at the top end of that range, the closure programme will represent nearly one third of Homebase's estate.
Jarvis Landry steals 'Hard Knocks' with powerful speech
A scene later in the episode shows how Jackson is determined to stay focused on work even as word gets out around the team. You've got other top-level rookies such as fellow top-five pick Deznel Ward, and Nick Chubb and Austin Corbett.