A federal judge in Manhattan dismissed New York City's lawsuit against five major oil companies Thursday, ruling that climate change and its effects are global issues that extend beyond the court's reach.
"However, the enormous and complicated problem of global warming requires a comprehensive solution that weighs the global benefits of fossil fuel use with the gravity of the impending harms", Keenanruled. In January, the city first filed a lawsuit against the energy companies, arguing that they were liable for damages the city incurred as a result of global warming.
The city had argued that the defendants ― Chevron, ConocoPhillips, ExxonMobil, BP and Royal Dutch Shell ― had known about the risks posed by burning fossil fuels since the 1950s and had "engaged in an overt public relations campaign meant to cast doubt on climate science", an argument Keenan acknowledged in his decision.
"It's up to the fossil fuel companies whose greed put us in this position to shoulder the cost of making NY safer and more resilient", left-leaning Democratic Mayor Bill de Blasio had told reporters back in January.
"Judge Keenan's decision reaffirms our view that climate change is a complex societal challenge that requires sound governmental policy and is not an issue for the courts", Shell said in a statement.
"To litigate such an action for injuries from foreign greenhouse gas emissions in federal court would severely infringe upon the foreign-policy decisions that are squarely within the purview of the political branches of the U.S. Government", Keenan wrote for the court.
Keenan also said that because the city has benefitted from fossil fuels, a point emphasized by the oil companies in their hearing in front of Keenan, the city is culpable for climate change as well. "Judge Keenan made that clear in his decision today".
The city tried to use state law to sue the companies to avoid running afoul of a 2011 ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court against a suit that used federal public nuisance law to target five big power companies.
Richard Wiles, executive director of the Center for Climate Integrity, emphasized that "the central question of these lawsuits is not how to stop global warming, but whether oil and gas producers should be forced to pay even a cent for the massive damage caused by its products".
Meanwhile, other climate liability lawsuits are pending in courts in California, King County, Wash., Colorado, and Rhode Island.
"Both judges determined that federal common law governs the cities" claims because pollution is an interstate issue.
"It does show that Judge Alsup's decision has resonated with at least one other judge, and I wouldn't be surprised if other judges also find the reasoning persuasive", he said. The Supreme Court has acknowledged that private plaintiffs can bring federal tort claims, both Keenan and Alsup wrote, but its most recent decisions have urged federal courts to be extremely leery of overextending the reach of US laws and intruding in matters that implicate foreign policy concerns.
He was set to make $27.9 million from the Thunder next season, but the Hawks are footing the bill to let him walk. They chose instead to spend a little more and get some on court contribution from Schroder at $15.5 million.
The Red Devils want him to sign a new contract, but the two parties have failed to find an agreement so far. Meanwhile, Bayern Munich want Martial to be the long term successor to his compatriot Franck Ribery, 35.
For some odd reason, Season Two pass holders will be getting these updates on July 24 while standard users will get it on July 31. Ubisoft is promising special rewards for players courageous enough to play it, though these will be revealed later.
Washington has since threatened tariffs on another $200 billion in Chinese exports, prompting Beijing to vow further retaliation. Benchmark 10-year US notes last fell 13/32 in price to yield 2.895 percent, from 2.847 percent late on Thursday.
Better was to follow for the American, a target for Sunday's opponents, as he put the Germans into the lead with a minute to play. He won all the duels against Jadon Sancho and these players - he did it really well. "It was a good game".
British Airways has warned passengers should expect "some knock-on disruption" following IT issues on Wednesday. A notice on the airline's website says it is doing "all it can" to keep problems to a minimum.
Current Trump attorney Rudy Giuliani said the payment was never made and the brief recording shows Trump did nothing wrong. Harris, who authored an article on the subject for the New York Legal Ethics Reporter.
He kept involved in football by running the scout team for Waco Midway High School, along with participating in private workouts. "Kirby wanted more vacation, maybe to work on his basketball game because he never beat me at Valdosta State", Muschamp said.
McIlroy went against the grain by regularly opting to use his driver, hitting only 26.7 per cent of fairways as a result. "I definitely thought that, you know, it was going to be beneficial to be as aggressive as I possibly could be".
Molinari, playing in his 36th major, earned a top spot in world golf by finishing with an eight-under total of 276. Molinari hugged his caddie in celebration, after a 5-foot birdie putt at the 18th hole sealed his victory.
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